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Офтальмология

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Эпидемиология детского офтальмотравматизма (обзор литературы)

https://doi.org/10.18008/1816-5095-2014-4-10-16

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Аннотация

Травмы органа зрения остаются одной из ведущих причин слепоты и слабовидения в любом возрасте. В статье приведен обзор литературы по частоте, причинам и эпидемиологическим особенностям травм органа зрения в детском возрасте. До 50 % всех несчастных случаев встречаются до 18‑летнего возраста. Данные, приведенные в обзоре, показали, что мальчики в возрасте 5‑7 лет наиболее подвержены травмам глаза и его придатков дома или на улице при отсутствии надзора со стороны взрослых. Высокий уровень травм и монокулярной слепоты вследствие них требует интенсивного изучения данной проблематики с разработкой и внедрением эффективных мер профилактики.

Об авторах

Э. Н. Эскина
ФГ У Национальный медико-хирургический центр им. Н. И . Пирогова Росздрава, кафедра глазных болезней, ул. Нижняя Первомайская, д. 70, г. Москва, 105203, Российская Федерация
Россия


Х. Д. Карим-заде
Таджикский государственный медицинский университет им. Абуали ибни Сино, кафедра офтальмологии, ул. Рудаки, д.139, г. Душанбе, 734003, Таджикистан
Россия


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Для цитирования:


Эскина Э.Н., Карим-заде Х.Д. Эпидемиология детского офтальмотравматизма (обзор литературы). Офтальмология. 2014;11(4):10-16. https://doi.org/10.18008/1816-5095-2014-4-10-16

For citation:


Eskina E.N., Karim-Zade K.J. Epidemiology of eye injuries in childhood. Ophthalmology in Russia. 2014;11(4):10-16. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.18008/1816-5095-2014-4-10-16

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ISSN 1816-5095 (Print)
ISSN 2500-0845 (Online)